Response to Oil Spills
Robert P. Stevens, P.E., DEE
This two-hour course introduces planning and response approaches for response to oil spills. It presents the key factors for planning response approaches including factors for contingency planning, an introduction to the National Response System, and factors to be considered for shoreline cleanup of an oil spill. Response approaches are described with some detail on when and why they can be effective. The National Contingency Plan Product Schedule is introduced which identifies additives that are available for responding to an oil spill.
will enable the student to improve planning and response efforts described in
planning documents such as Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC)
Plans, Best Management Practices (BMP) Plans, and Storm Water Pollution Prevention
This course includes a multiple-choice quiz at the end, which is designed to enhance the understanding of the course materials.
At the conclusion of this two hour course, the student will
spills is the best strategy for avoiding potential damage to human health and
the environment. However, once a spill occurs, the best approach for containing
and controlling the spill is to respond quickly and in a well organized manner.
There is a defined hierarchy for spill response, beginning at the facility level
and including government responders and decision-makers. A response will be
quick and organized if response measures have been planned ahead of time. A
number of advanced response mechanisms are available for controlling oil spills
and minimizing their impacts on human health and the environment. The key to
effectively combating spills is careful selection and proper use of the equipment
and materials best suited to the type of oil and the conditions at the spill
site. Mechanical approaches to contain and/or recover the oil are the primary
line of defense against oil spills in the United States. Additives can be used
in conjunction with mechanical means for containing and cleaning up oil spills
provided they are approved by the Federal On Scene Coordinator.
The course content is in a PDF file (86 KB) Response to Oil Spills. You need to open or download this document to study this course.
Response to oil spills begins with defined planning requirements for potential sources of oil spills and for designated response agencies. The overall program for this planning effort includes:
A number of response mechanisms are available for controlling oil spills and minimizing their impacts on human health and the environment. A brief description of major response techniques is summarized including:
The approach for
addressing oil spills is described in the National Contingency Plan (40 CFR
Part 300). One significant aspect of the NCP is the listing in a Product Schedule
the chemicals and additives that are available for oil spill response. A brief
description of the Product Schedule is summarized including:
For additional technical information related to this subject, please visit the following websites and links:
US EPA Oil Program (www.epa.gov/oilspill)
The above site
includes links to laws and regulations, Facility Response Plans and Spill Prevention,
Control, and Countermeasure Plans, and other oil-related sites.
Once you finish studying the above course content, you need to take a quiz to obtain the PDH credits.